- ABD EL-HADY, F K; HEGAZI, A G; WOLLENWEBER, E (2007) Effect of Egyptian Propolis on the susceptibility of LDL to oxidative modification and its antiviral activity with special emphasis on chemical composition 188. Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung Section C-A Journal of Biosciences 62 (9-10): 645-655.
Abstract: The antioxidant activity of eight Egyptian propolis samples from different localities was evaluated by the antioxidative potential and capacity of the DPPH-ESR signal, superoxide anion generated in the xanthine-xanthine oxidase (XOD) system and low density lipoprotein (LDL) peroxidation assay. As, F, Is and D samples showed the highest antioxidative capacity and potential, respectively. The El, IsR, Is, D and So samples exhibited highly significant antioxidant activity in the XOD system and in LDL peroxidation assays. The antiviral activity of propolis samples was investigated. They showed variations in their activity; sample D induced the highest antiviral activity against Newcastle disease virus and infectious bursal disease virus. 42 Polyphenolic compounds were identified by HPLC; 13 aromatic acids, esters and alcohols were present, 29 flavonoids were identified, 6 of them being new to propolis
- ABDULRHMAN, M (2006) Topical Honey in Treatment of a Corneal Ulcer, In Stangaciu, S (ed.), Passau, 25.Mar.2006
Abstract: On June 3 ,2004 , a 25 yr old male came to my clinic with a history of red painful eye of 7 months duration . There was no history of trauma to the eye nor history of past similar affection . Examination showed that the left eye lids were markedly swollen and he had marked photophobia .Upon opening the left eye there was a deep corneal ulcer with ciliary injection and marked conjunctival edema . He did not show a favorable response to various forms of conventional treatment . He consulted more than one ophthalmologist who prescribed various forms of drugs including antibiotics , antiviral drugs , and corticosteroids but without favorable response . Nearly one month before his presentation I advised for him topical honey as a treatment for his condition but he was hesitated to start such kind of treatment and he wanted to give for his eye the last trial of traditional treatment . Again the last trial failed to make any noticeable improvement and he became afraid of loss of such eye because of the possibility of endophthalmitis. This ulcer was presumed to be due to more than one type of infection and/or infection resistant to the traditional treatment .On June 3 ,2004 he was ready to start treatment by honey and Iexplained to him that honey has anti-microbial , anti-inflammatory , and wound healing effects . Also Iexplained to him the initial temporary misleading benign reactions of topical honey in the eye . Honey (raw, filtered, not diluted and not gamma radiated) was topically applied to the conjunctival sac of the diseased eye in a dose of 1.0 ml twice daily and the patient was advised not to wash the eye after honey application and to keep the eye 4 covered throughout the day. The effects of topical application of honey to the diseased eye were generally in the form of temporary increase of symptoms and signs followed by improvement.
The most annoying was the occurrence of moderate to severe pain a few seconds after application. This pain persisted for about 1-2 minutes followed by improvement. Also there was increase of the conjunctival injection and discharge which were also transient. After about 15 days the ulcer healed leaving a relatively big corneal opacity and there were still ciliary injection and conjunctival edema which were less severe than before . Nearly after about 3.5 months the ciliary injection and conjunctival edema disappeared but the opacity was still present . At that time the patient was much satisfied by the results and he stopped honey application . Iwere also satisfied by such result as the ulcer
completely healed and there was no risk of endophthalmitis and loss of that eye . Dr. Stefan Stangaciu , the president of the German apitherapy society advised me to convince the patient to continue topical honey as this will eliminate or at least will reduce the size of the opacity . The patient was convinced to apply honey regularly and since November 2006 till the time of writing this report the opacity is getting smaller.