PROPOLIS dan DIABETES

Friday, April 16, 2010

Propolis May Help Alleviate Symptoms of Diabetes

Biological Activities of Chinese Propolis and Brazilian Propolis on Streptozotocin-Induced Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Rats
Evidence-based Compl. and Alt. Medicine, Published online on April 5, 2010Propolis is a bee-collected natural product and has been proven to have various bioactivities. This study tested the effects of Chinese propolis and Brazilian propolis on streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes mellitus in Sprague–Dawley rats.

The results showed that Chinese propolis and Brazilian propolis significantly inhibited body weight loss and blood glucose increase in diabetic rats. In addition, Chinese propolis-treated rats showed an 8.4% reduction of glycated hemoglobin levels compared with untreated diabetic rats.

Measurement of blood lipid metabolism showed dyslipidemia in diabetic rats and Chinese propolis helped to reduce total cholesterol level by 16.6%. Moreover, oxidative stress in blood, liver and kidney was improved to various degrees by both Chinese propolis and Brazilian propolis.

An apparent reduction in levels of alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, blood urea nitrogen and urine microalbuminuria-excretion rate demonstrated the beneficial effects of propolis in hepatorenal function.

All these results suggested that Chinese propolis and Brazilian propolis can alleviate symptoms of diabetes mellitus in rats and these effects may partially be due to their antioxidant ability.

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Wednesday, August 08, 2012

Propolis May Protect Against Damage Caused by Diabetes

Effect of Croatian Propolis on Diabetic Nephropathy and Liver Toxicity in Mice
Background
In the present study, we examined the antioxidant effect of water soluble derivative of propolis (WSDP) and ethanolic (EEP) extract of propolis on renal and liver function in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. In addition, we examined whether different extract of propolis could prevent diabetic nephropathy and liver toxicity by inhibiting lipid peroxidation in vivo.
Methods
Diabetes was induced in Swiss albino mice with a single intravenous injection of alloxan (75 mg kg-1). Two days after alloxan injection, propolis preparations (50 mg kg-1 per day) were given intraperitoneally for 7 days in diabetic mice. Survival analysis and body weights as well as hematological and biochemical parameters were measured. The renal and liver oxidative stress marker malonaldehyde levels and histopathological changes were monitored in the liver and kidney of treated and control mice.
Results
Administration of propolis to diabetic mice resulted in a significant increase of body weight, haematological and immunological parameters of blood as well as 100% survival of diabetic mice. Alloxan-injected mice showed a marked increase in oxidative stress in liver and kidney homogenate, as determined by lipid peroxidation. Histopathological observation of the liver sections of alloxan-induced diabetic mice showed several lesions including cellular vacuolization, cytoplasmic eosinophilia and lymphocyte infiltrations, but with individual variability.Treatment of diabetic mice with propolis extracts results in decreased number of vacuolized cells and degree of vacuolization; propolis treatment improve the impairment of fatty acid metabolism in diabetes. Renal histology showed corpuscular, tubular and interstitial changes in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. Test components did not improve renal histopathology in diabetic mice.
Conclusions
Propolis preparations are able to attenuate diabetic hepatorenal damage, probably through its anti-oxidative action and its detoxification proccess as well as the potential to minimize the deleterious effects of free radicals on tissue. The protective role of propolis against the ROS induced damages in diabetic mice gives a hope that they may have similar protective action in humans.

Tuesday, April 07, 2009

Propolis Delays Onset of Kidney Damage Caused by Diabetes

Experimental Diabetic Nephropathy Can be Prevented by Propolis: Effect on Metabolic Disturbances and Renal Oxidative Parameters
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 22, No. 2, April 2009Oxidative stress may play a key role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Propolis and its extract have antioxidant properties. The effect of ethanolic extract of propolis against experimental diabetes mellitus-associated changes was examined…

These results may suggest a strong antioxidant effect of propolis which can ameliorate oxidative stress and delay the occurrence of diabetic nephropathy in diabetes mellitus.

In conclusion, propolis has an antioxidant effect which can decrease metabolic disturbances and oxidative stress that are associated with diabetes. Consumption of food and drink containing effective antioxidant agents as propolis may delay the onset and/or progression of diabetic nephropathy and delay the occurrence of diabetes-associated renal function impairment.

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Saturday, October 30, 2010

Propolis: Is there a potential for the development of new drugs?

J Ethnopharmacol, 2010 Oct 20

INTRODUCTION: Propolis has plenty of biological and pharmacological properties and its mechanisms of action have been widely investigated in the last years, using different experimental models in vitro and in vivo. Researchers have been interested in the investigation of isolated compounds responsible for propolis action; however, there is lack of clinical research on the effects of propolis. STRATEGY AND

OBJECTIVES: Since propolis-containing products have been marketed and humans have used propolis for different purposes, the goal of this review is to discuss the potential of propolis for the development of new drugs, by comparing data from the literature that suggest candidate areas for the establishment of drugs against tumors, infections, allergy, diabetes, ulcers and with immunomodulatory action.

CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of propolis in different protocols in vitro and in vivo suggests its therapeutic properties, but before establishing a strategy using this bee product, it is necessary to study: a) the chemical nature of the propolis sample. b) Propolis efficacy should be compared to well-established parameters, e.g. positive or negative controls in the experiments. Moreover, possible interactions between propolis and other medicines should be investigated in humans as well. c) Clinical investigation is needed to evaluate propolis potential in patients or healthy individuals, to understand under which conditions propolis may promote health.

Data point out the importance of this research field not only for the readers and researchers in the scientific community waiting for further clarification on the potential of propolis but also for the pharmaceutical industry that looks for new drugs.

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Friday, November 25, 2011

Propolis May Help Control Diabetes

Glycemic Control and Anti-Osteopathic Effect of Propolis in Diabetic Rats
Dovepress Journal, November 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 377 – 384The aim of the study was to explore the possibility that propolis can control diabetes mellitus and prevent diabetic osteopathy in rats.

The study compared 60 streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats, with ten nondiabetic rats used as a negative control. The experimental design comprised seven groups (n = 10 rats per group): (1) nondiabetic, used as a negative control; (2) nontreated, used as a positive control; (3) treated with insulin alone; (4) treated with a single dose of propolis alone; (5) treated with a double dose of propolis; (6) treated with insulin and a single dose of propolis; and (7) treated with insulin and a double dose of propolis.

After 6 weeks of treatment, the rats were sacrificed. Ratios of femur ash to femur weight and of femur weight to body weight (FW/BW) were calculated and calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and magnesium (Mg) concentrations in femur ash were estimated and analyzed. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), plasma insulin and glucagon, serum thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH), and calcitonin levels were also estimated and analyzed.

There was significant reduction in FBG in all diabetic treated rats. Similarly, higher plasma insulin levels were observed in diabetic rats treated with propolis and insulin than in nontreated diabetic rats, although plasma insulin was not comparatively higher in diabetic rats treated with insulin alone. Serum TBARS was significantly lower in the propolis treated rats than the diabetic nontreated rats. No differences in PTH and calcitonin levels were observed among treatment groups. The FW/BW ratio was significantly higher in diabetic treated groups than in control groups. Furthermore, diabetic rats treated with propolis and insulin had significantly higher Ca, P, and Mg concentrations in femoral ash than nontreated diabetic rats and diabetic rats treated with insulin alone.

In conclusion, propolis has a remarkable effect on glucose homeostasis and bone mineralization.

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Friday, June 18, 2010

Propolis Potential Anti-Diabetic Agent

Antidiabetic Effect of Propolis: Reduction of Expression of Glucose-6-Phosphatase Through Inhibition of Y279 and Y216 Autophosphorylation of GSK-3/ in HepG2 Cells
Phytotherapy Research, Published Online: 7 Jun 2010Propolis is a sticky, resinous material that honey bees collect from various plants, and mix with wax and other secretions.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antidiabetic effect of propolis through an analysis of the expression and enzyme activity of glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) and to elucidate the mechanism by which propolis inhibits G6Pase gene expression.

When HepG2 cells were incubated in high glucose media (25 mm), G6Pase expression was induced. Propolis significantly reduced the expression and enzyme activity of G6Pase; however, the hypoglycemic effect was not abolished by the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor, LY294002, and by the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor, U0126. Propolis inhibited the activity of GSK3 and via the inhibition of serine and tyrosine phosphorylation, specifically, Y279 for GSK3 and Y216 for GSK3. The phosphorylations of Y279 and Y216 occur through autophosphorylation by GSK3/ and are involved in their own activity.

Although propolis showed antioxidant activity, antidiabetic effect of propolis was not influenced by hydrogen peroxide and N-acetylcysteine. These results suggest that propolis inhibits the expression of G6Pase by inhibiting the autophosphorylation of Y279 and Y216 of GSK3 and , respectively, which are involved in the activation of GSK3.

These findings suggest that propolis may be a potential antidiabetic agent for the treatment of insulin-insensitive diabetes.

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Saturday, September 03, 2011

Propolis Protects Liver From Damage Caused by Diabetes

Protective Effects of Chinese and Brazilian Propolis Treatment Against Hepatorenal Lesion in Diabetic RatsHum Exp Toxicol, September 2011 vol. 30 no. 9 1246-1255

Diabetes mellitus promoted an overproduction of free radicals and an increased incidence of both diabetic nephropathy and liver disease.

In this report, we evaluated the effects of Chinese and Brazilian propolis on streptozotocin-induced hepatorenal injury in rats. The results demonstrated that Chinese propolis-treated rats had a 7.4% reduction in the glycated hemoglobin (HbAlc) level compared with untreated diabetic rats. Additionally, Chinese propolis induced an increase in the serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) level significantly while Brazilian propolis raised serum SOD and reduced level of malonaldehyde (MDA) and nitric synthetase (NOS).

Of the measurable decrease in serum alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and microalbuminuria demonstrated the propolis-mediated improvement of hepatorenal function, which was further confirmed by histological examination. We also observed that Chinese and Brazilian propolis increased hepatorenal glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) level and inhibited MDA production significantly.

These results suggested that propolis may prevent hepatorenal injury by inhibiting lipid peroxidation and enhancing the activities of antioxidant enzymes.

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Tuesday, October 26, 2010

Propolis May Help Protect Liver from Damage Caused by Diabetes

Protective Effects of Chinese and Brazilian Propolis Treatment Against Hepatorenal Lesion in Diabetic Rats
Hum Exp Toxicol, 2010 Oct 18

Diabetes mellitus promoted an overproduction of free radicals and an increased incidence of both diabetic nephropathy and liver disease.

In this report, we evaluated the effects of Chinese and Brazilian propolis on streptozotocin-induced hepatorenal injury in rats.

The results demonstrated that Chinese propolis-treated rats had a 7.4% reduction in the glycated hemoglobin (HbAlc) level compared with untreated diabetic rats. Additionally, Chinese propolis induced an increase in the serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) level significantly while Brazilian propolis raised serum SOD and reduced level of malonaldehyde (MDA) and nitric synthetase (NOS).

Of the measurable decrease in serum alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and microalbuminuria demonstrated the propolis-mediated improvement of hepatorenal function, which was further confirmed by histological examination. We also observed that Chinese and Brazilian propolis increased hepatorenal glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) level and inhibited MDA production significantly.

These results suggested that propolis may prevent hepatorenal injury by inhibiting lipid peroxidation and enhancing the activities of antioxidant enzymes.

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Monday, April 06, 2009

Propolis May Help Prevent Diabetes

Potential Antidiabetic and Hypolipidemic Effects of Propolis Extract in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 22, No. 2, April 2009Free radicals have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus leading to various complications including atherosclerosis. Propolis was reported to have oxygen radical scavenging activity. The present study was designed to investigate the possible antidiabetic, hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of ethanolic extract of propolis (EEP)…

Oral administration of propolis extract in doses of 100,200 & 300 mg/kg bwt improved the body and kidney weights, serum glucose, lipid profile, MDA and renal function tests. Renal GSH, SOD and CAT were significantly increased while MDA was markedly reduced. These results may suggest a strong antioxidant effect of propolis which can ameliorate oxidative stress and delay the occurrence of diabetic nephropathy in diabetes mellitus…

In conclusion, EEP offers a promising therapeutic value in prevention of diabetes and dyslipidemic profile. These effects could be mainly attributed to its antioxidant properties as shown by significant quenching impact on the extent of lipid peroxidation along with, enhancement of antioxidant defense systems in pancreatic tissue. Further studies will be needed in future to determine the main active ingredient having the beneficial antidiabetic, hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects.

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Saturday, September 27, 2008

Propolis Can Accelerate Wound Healing in Diabetes

The Anti-Inflammatory Agent Propolis Improves Wound Healing in a Rodent Model of Experimental Diabetes
Wound Repair and Regeneration, Volume 16 Issue 5, Pages 706 – 713Foot ulcers and poor wound healing are problematic for patients with diabetes. The beehive protectant Propolis can improve wound healing but whether it can improve healing in diabetic wounds has not been investigated.

In this study, the effect of a single application of Propolis on epithelial closure, wound morphology, cellular infiltrate, and blood vessel density were investigated…

These novel data indicate that Propolis can accelerate wound healing in diabetes. As neutrophil infiltration is normalized, its mechanism of action may be through anti-inflammatory pathways.

This result and the established safety profile of Propolis provide a rationale for studying topical application of this agent in a clinical setting.

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Thursday, November 19, 2009

Bee Products May Help Treat Cancer, Eye Damage Caused by Diabetes

Bee Products Prevent VEGF-Induced Angiogenesis in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 17 November 2009Background: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of pathogenic angiogenesis in diseases such as cancer and diabetic retinopathy. Bee products [royal jelly (RJ), bee pollen, and Chinese red propolis] from the honeybee, Apis mellifera, have been used as traditional health foods for centuries. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-angiogenic effects of bee products using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).

Methods: In an in vitro tube formation assay, HUVECs and fibroblast cells were incubated for 14 days with VEGF and various concentrations of bee products [RJ, ethanol extract of bee pollen, ethanol extract of Chinese red propolis and its constituent, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE)]. To clarify the mechanism of in vitro angiogenesis, HUVEC proliferation and migration were induced by VEGF with or without various concentrations of RJ, bee pollen, Chinese red propolis, and CAPE.

Results: RJ, bee pollen, Chinese red propolis, and CAPE significantly suppressed VEGF-induced in vitro tube formation in the descending order: CAPE > Chinese red propolis >> bee pollen > RJ. RJ and Chinese red propolis suppressed both VEGF-induced HUVEC proliferation and migration. In contrast, bee pollen and CAPE suppressed only the proliferation.

Conclusions: Among the bee products, Chinese red propolis and CAPE in particular showed strong suppressive effects against VEGF-induced angiogenesis. These findings indicate that Chinese red propolis and CAPE may have potential as preventive and therapeutic agents against angiogenesis-related human diseases.

Sunday, July 17, 2011

Propolis Can Control Blood Glucose, Improve Insulin Sensitivity

Effects of Encapsulated Propolis on Blood Glycemic Control, Lipid Metabolism, and Insulin Resistance in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Rats
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2012;2012:981896

The present study investigates the encapsulated propolis on blood glycemic control, lipid metabolism, and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats.

The animal characteristics and biological assays of body weight, fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting serum insulin (FINS), insulin act index (IAI), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were measured and euglycemic hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp technique were used to determine these effects.

Our findings show that oral administration of encapsulated propolis can significantly inhibit the increasing of FBG and TG in T2DM rats and can improve IAI and M value in euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp experiment. There was no significant effects on body weight, TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C in T2DM rats treated with encapsulated propolis.

In conclusion, the results indicate that encapsulated propolis can control blood glucose, modulate lipid metabolism, and improve the insulin sensitivity in T2DM rats.

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Friday, February 16, 2007

Honey-Propolis-Myrrh Paste Helps Heal Diabetic Foot Wound

Combined Use of Honey, Bee Propolis and Myrrh in Healing a Deep, Infected Wound in a Patient With Diabetes Mellitus
By Lotfy, M; Badra, G; Burham, W; Alenzi, F Q, Red Orbit, 1/10/2007[Editor’s Note: This article was published in the British Journal of Biomedical Science. ]

Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterised by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can be associated with serious complications including diabetic foot disease. Diabetic foot disease is estimated to affect 15% of people with diabetes…

Wound care includes a variety of approaches to enhance healing, with treatment of infection, vascular reconstruction, achieving adequate glycaemic control, removal of pressure, and ongoing wound debridement being important aspects of this care.

A deep wound with tissue loss in the right foot of a 65-year-old male patient with diabetes mellitus was treated by a standard protocol that included strict control of blood sugar level. In addition, an antibiotic regimen was included to combat anaerobic and aerobic infection. Also, a paste consisting of myrrh, bee propolis and honey (MPH) was applied to the wound. Following treatment, the wound settled and healed well…

The most significant results were obtained during the use of the MPH paste (800 mg bee propolis, 50 g myrrh, mixed together in honey). The paste was prepared every three days and stored in a refrigerator. Wound cleaning was performed daily using standard methods in addition to the MPH paste to fill the wound cavity. The effectiveness of the paste in keeping the wound clean was indicated by a complete absence of pus and cellular exudate. After four weeks the wound had healed well and the patient returned to work…

In the present case study, application of MPH resulted in a clean and odour-free wound, which healed well. However, the results of this single case need to be confirmed in a study of a larger number of patients. In the meantime, use of the MPH paste would appear to reduce the cost of deep wound treatment and improve the outcome in the patients affected.

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Tuesday, December 20, 2011

Propolis May Help Treat Diabetes

Propolis and Its Direct and Indirect Hypoglycemic Effect
J Family Community Med, 2011 Sep;18(3):152-4Propolis means a gum that is gathered by bees from various plants. It is strongly adhesive resinous substance, collected, transformed, and used by bees to seal holes in their honeycombs. Bees use it to seal holes in their honeycombs, smooth out internal walls, as well as to cover carcasses of intruders who died inside the hive in order to avoid their decomposition.

Propolis also protects the colony from diseases because of its antiseptic efficacy and antimicrobial properties. It also has been reported to possess various biological activities, namely anticancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, and hypolipidemic.

The aim of this review is to evaluate the hypoglycemic effect of propolis since a little number of researches studied this effect when we compare with the huge number of papers that reported many other biological activities…

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Tuesday, January 09, 2007

Honey, Propolis Used to Treat Diabetic Foot Wound

Combined Use of Honey, Bee Propolis and Myrrh in Healing a Deep, Infected Wound in a Patient with Diabetes Mellitus
British Journal of Biomedical Science, 2006; 63(4); 171-173Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterised by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can be associated with serious complications including diabetic foot disease. Diabetic foot disease is estimated to affect 15% of people with diabetes.

1 Wound healing is a process that involves inflammation, proliferation/regeneration and finally remodeling. The normal orderly pattern is disrupted in chronic non-healing wounds, which are characterised by decreased levels of growth factors and increased protease activity. Wound healing is affected by serum albumin, tissue oxygenation, infection, hyperglycaemia, cytokines and proteases.

2 A marker of non-healing wounds may be the prolonged presence of extracellular matrix molecules in the dermis.

3 Other markers and potential mediators include increased levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-b3,4 proteolytic factors such as matrix metalloproteinases,5 and the absence of IGF-I.6…

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Tuesday, January 25, 2011

Propolis Component Helps Reduce Risks Type 2 Diabetes

Artepillin C, as a PPARγ Ligand, Enhances Adipocyte Differentiation and Glucose Uptake in 3T3-L1 Cells
Chem Pharmacol, 2011 Jan 8

The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ plays an important role in adipocyte differentiation. Its ligands, including thiazolidinediones, improve insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes.

We investigated the effects of artepillin C, an ingredient of Baccharis dracunculifolia, on adipogenesis and glucose uptake using 3T3-L1 cells. In PPARγ ligand-binding assays, artepillin C exhibited binding affinity toward PPARγ. Artepillin C dose-dependently enhanced adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. As a result of the artepillin C-induced adipocyte differentiation, the gene expression of PPARγ and its target genes, such as aP2, adiponectin and glucose transporter (GLUT) 4, was increased. These increases were abolished by cotreatment with GW9662, a PPARγ antagonist. In mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes, artepillin C significantly enhanced the basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. These effects were decreased by cotreatment with a PI3K inhibitor.

Although artepillin C had no effects on the insulin signaling cascade, artepillin C enhanced the expression and plasma membrane translocation of GLUT1 and GLUT4 in mature adipocytes.

In conclusion, these findings suggest that artepillin C promotes adipocyte differentiation and glucose uptake in part by direct binding to PPARγ, which could be the basis of the pharmacological benefits of green propolis intake in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes.

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Friday, September 12, 2008

Video: Brazilian Green Propolis Improves Immune System

MWHEALTH.COM: Propolis, rich in flavonoids, is a natural antibiotic without any side effects. Brazilian green propolis helps to strengthen our immune system, improve skin complexion and is also useful for preventing diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis, lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke.

Sunday, January 18, 2009

Propolis Recommended for Pet’s Dental Problem

By Dr. Michael Fox, United Feature Syndicate, 1/18/2009DEAR DR. FOX: We have a 3-year-old Ragdoll cat, Gus, who is an extremely fussy eater. When we first got him, we fed him soft food and bit of dry/hard as a supplement. When so many cat foods were recalled, I tried making his food, but he wouldn’t eat it.

His teeth are not healthy. Not long ago, our veterinarian had to pull four teeth and prescribed a special diet of dry food by Science Diet formulated for cats with bad teeth. Knowing what we know about nutrition for cats, we were uncomfortable feeding him only dry food, so we introduced him to Spot’s Stew, and he is wild about it. We feed him the stew once in the morning and once in the afternoon. We do not give him the recommended amount for his size, but we do give him the prescribed dry food as a supplement. On average, he eats about a 1/4 cup of the prescribed food daily.

How can we to help him maintain the health of his teeth? We’ve tried many methods for brushing his teeth, but none have proven successful. — R.G., Woodstock, Md.

DEAR R.G.: Dental problems are common in cats and can be linked with other health problems, including diabetes mellitus and underlying chronic viral infection.

I don’t see how a hard/dry food can benefit a cat with bad teeth, gum disease and recent tooth extractions. High cereal content in the dry food could bring on diabetes, obesity and liver disease.

Add a few drops of cod-liver oil — it has anti-inflammatory effects and will help the gums — to his food. Try getting your cat used to having his teeth rubbed with a piece of gauze that has been dipped in a mixture of baking soda, salt and a few drops of oil of cloves or thyme and propolis (available in many health stores)…

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Monday, December 03, 2012

Apitherapy Overview

Apitherapy (from Lat. apis – bee) – is the general name of methods of treatment of various human diseases with the use of live bees and bee products. The main products used in apitherapy for healing are honey, pollen, propolis, royal jelly, drone homogenate, dead bees, ambrosia, beeswax and bee venom. People make ointments, tinctures, tablets from bee products. They are used in therapy as well as bee stinging.
Apitherapy uses various bee products such as royal jelly, propolis, pollen and bee venom.
Bee is a disposable syringe with a unique drug. By its therapeutic potential, it has no analogues.
Bee venom has a positive impact on human health, enhances immunity. Bee products contain all known vitamins and many minerals. They have antiviral, antimicrobial, immunostimulating, radioprotective, and also antihypoxic properties.
For the treatment with bee venom doctors have developed charts and tables. Each disease has its specific stinging area. Bee venom is a very powerful catalyst of almost all physiological processes in the body.
Apitherapy uses live bee stings. You must first make a biological sample to see if you can be treated with the bee venom. Usually apitherapy cures a patient in 2 – 4 weeks. During the treatment they sting bioactive body areas. Each patient should get the individual dose of bee venom. This dose depends on the list of human diseases.
What can be cured with apitherapy?
1. Nervous system.
Bee venom in small doses gives exciting effect, and in large doses – relaxing. It effectively helps to cope with the pain of different origin, has an anticonvulsant effect. In addition, apitherapy improves mood, memory, cures insomnia.It reduces the swelling of the brain, increases cerebral blood flow,  reduces alcohol and nicotine dependence. It is used in the treatment of osteochondrosis, neuritis, neuropathy, stuttering, trembling limbs, ticks, migraines, cerebral palsy, the effects of strokes, spinal disc herniation, depression, phobias, hysteria, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, paresis, paralysis and poliomyelitis.
2. The cardiovascular system and blood system.
Apitherapy can expand blood vessels and lower blood pressure. It improves work of the the heart, reduces the level of harmful cholesterol. Bee venom is used as an anticoagulant, antiplatelet agents, it has anti-arrhythmic effect, leads to an increase in blood volume. Apitherapy is used for the treatment of following diseases: coronary heart disease, angina, heart attack effects, hypertension, varicose veins, thrombosis of lower extremities, arrhythmias, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, anemia.
3. The respiratory system.
Apitoxin enhances bronchial and thinning mucus. It has expectorant effect. It has shown excellent results in the treatment of chronic bronchitis, asthma, pleurisy effects, pneumosclerosis.
4. The digestive system.
Apitherapy stimulates gastric and the intestinal tract motility, work of the liver and increases the number of digestive enzymes, gastric juice and bile. Bee venom has antiulcer effect and is used in the treatment of peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer, chronic gastroduodenitis, cholelithiasis and chronic hemorrhoids.
5. Musculoskeletal system.
It treats osteoarthritis deformans, infectious and allergic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, muscle contracture and Dupuytren’s contracture.
6. The endocrine system .
It enhances the production of adrenal corticosteroids. Improves the thyroid gland and gonads. Reduces the level of sugar in the blood. Treats thyrotoxic goiter, diabetes of 2 types.
7. Dermatology : psoriasis, eczema, atopic dermatitis, itching of various locations, dermatitis.
8. Eye diseases : glaucoma, progressive myopia or hyperopia, iridocyclitis.
9. Urogenital : pathological menopause, menstrual disorders, tubal and hormonal infertility, chronic adnexitis of women, chronic prostatitis, impotence, prostate adenoma of men…

Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Weight Loss, MS and Cancer – Could Bees Hold the Key?

By Anna Millar, The Scotsman, 4/20/2010There is an old French proverb that goes, while honey is sweet, the bee stings. However, though it was once thought of merely as a common pest, nature’s contrary little helper has been enjoying a rather more positive buzz in recent years.

Officially named apitherapy, the use of bee products to prevent or heal illness is not a new phenomenon, dating back thousands of years to early civilisations in ancient Egypt, Greece and China.

But the last decade has seen apitherapy receiving growing exposure, particularly for its (occasionally controversial) use in treating multiple sclerosis, arthritis, infections, skin conditions, diabetes and other problems.

At the other end of the spectrum, on the celebrity beauty circuit – and increasingly on the high street – bee-inspired lotions and potions have become big business, with many prescribing to the notion that pollen can promote tighter, younger-looking skin at a fraction of the cost of surgery.

A household name, and perhaps the best known of the bee products, royal jelly has long been hailed as nature’s rejuvenator. Essentially bee’s milk, royal jelly is rich in vitamins B and C and is often used to promote healthy hair, nails and skin.

It is also reputed to relieve symptoms of PMT, stress and arthritis. It has also become a useful ally in pregnancy and menopause – effective in lowering blood cholesterol levels, it is used to stimulate the reproductive system and help aid pain and flushes.

And it’s not just women who are reaping the benefits. Some believe the jelly can prevent osteoporosis, not to mention aiding men with prostate problems. Those suffering from liver cirrhosis and diabetic wounds have also been known to benefit from its anti-inflammatory effects.

Elsewhere, some evidence suggests bee pollen can provide relief from premature ageing and aid weight-loss. High in vitamin C, minerals, amino acids and enzymes, it can boost the immune system.

Propolis, the natural resin created by bees in the construction of hives, has garnered a reputation for its ability to increase the formation of antibodies and strengthen the immune system. Some studies have also found that it helps reduce inflammation when treating second-degree burns, and suggest, most controversially, that the caffeic acids in propolis could help prevent colon cancer.

And the appreciation of apitherapy isn’t just about health. Last year it was reported that fans of Hollywood’s Eat-Clean Diet, such as Nicole Kidman and Halle Berry, were incorporating flax seed, wheatgerm and bee pollen into their diet to rev up the metabolism.

Bee-derived face masks have also become popular, with some beauty salons now offering bee venom and manuka honey masks to smooth and plump the skin, the venom being used to control the facial muscles by lifting, tightening and firming the skin.

While naysayers point out the lack of scientific evidence, anecdotally apitherapy’s reputation continues to grow, with more research constantly underway.

But perhaps the most contentious debate is around the use of bee venom therapy (BVT), which is said to relieve the suffering of people with multiple sclerosis, as the compound acts to reduce inflammation. Users are essentially stung by bees, often many times, in a bid to ease their pain…

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